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DID YOU KNOW …

  • It takes 3 years for a vine to produce useful grapes and 5 years before full production. The productive lifetime of a vine is 30 to 35 years.
  • 8 to 12 pounds of grapes can be produced by one vine.
  • It takes about 2 ½ pounds of grapes, or 500 to 600 grapes, to make a bottle of wine.
  • A 60 gallon barrel yields 300 bottles of wine and each bottle yields 5 to 6 glasses.
  • There are 100 to 125 calories in a 5 ounce glass of dry wine.
  • United States ranks 2nd in worldwide consumption of wine behind France, followed by Italy, Germany and China.
  • Each year, the French consume 60 liters of wine per capita, while the Americans only consume 7.7 liters per year. Many attribute the French’s lower risk of cardiovascular disease to their consumption of red wine, 36% compared to the American’s 75%.
  • 90% of U.S. wine is made in California.
  • Only 4% of California wine is made in Napa Valley.
  • Over 10,000 varieties of wine grapes exist in the world today.
  • Grenache is the mostly widely grown grape in the world. It is grown in more places and appears in the greatest number of wines as a dominant, blending and finishing grape.
  • Cabernet Sauvignon is the world’s most consumed varietal grape.
  • The Mesopotamians were credited with producing the first wines in 6000 B.C.
  • The oldest winery in North America still producing wine today is located in Mexico. Production at Casa Madero winery dates to the late 1590’s.
  • Natural cork is harvested from the living bark of the Cork Oak almost exclusively from the Mediterranean countries. The oldest and most productive cork tree is the Whistler Tree in Portugal. The tree is over 230 years old and has been producing cork since 1820. Each harvest produces over 100,000 wine bottle corks!
  • Wine and chocolate will help you live longer! Australian researchers say a daily "polymeal" of wine, fish, dark chocolate, fruit, vegetables, almonds and garlic would increase a man’s life expectancy by 6 ½ years, a woman’s by 5 years and reduce the risk of heart disease by 76%!
  • Studies have shown that wine can also prevent Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases. Resveratrol, a component of wine, acts as an antioxidant and prevents cellular damage in the body, but it also prevents blood clotting and plaque formation in arteries.
  • In medieval times, mulled wines were called Hipocris after the physician Hippocrates. They were thought to be very healthy, and at the time wine was cleaner then water! The word "mulled" means heated and spiced and mulled wine is a traditional favorite during fall and Christmas seasons.
  • Researchers at University of California have isolated a compound from a Chinese raisin tree proven to inhibit intoxication. The chemical, dihydromyricetin (DHM), has been shown in rats to remedy hangovers, prevent alcohol-dependence, and even maintain sobriety after consuming copious amounts of alcohol. The extract was first used in 7th century Asia to combat hangovers but has not been tested on humans in the U.S.
  • Atmospheric pressure affects some red wines. Heavy pressure and high humidity will influence the taste by making the wine appear heavy, flat and lifeless. So save your full bodied reds for days of low humidity and cooler temperatures and try something lighter in the humid, hot, summer time.
  • Thomas Jefferson built a wine cellar under the White House and bought more than 20,000 bottles of European wine. He grew grapes and made wine on his Virginia estate but he loved French wines from his days as Ambassador to France.
  • Cooper's Creek in New Zealand produces a Sauvignon Blanc called “Cat's Pee on a Gooseberry Bush,” named to describe the distinctive taste of this grape first coined by a wine critic.
  • Wolf Blass created a sparkling Australian red wine called “René Pogel.” When asked who this was, Blass advised them to read the name backwards. This innuendo caused offense and the wine was withdrawn from sale.
  • There is a 1954 law that forbids the landing of flying saucers in the Chateauneuf du Pape region’s vineyards.